學生階段

                          2010年中考英語復習資料詞匯辨析4

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                          • 發布時間:2015-05-03 21:23:51
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                          121. live on, live by
                            live on以為主食,live by靠謀生 live on fish/ live by fishing
                            122. beat, hit, strike
                            beat連續性地擊打;hit打中,對準打;strike打一下或若干下 beat the wings
                            123. meet, meet with
                            meet遇到,meet with體驗到,遭遇到 meet with an accident
                            124. lose, miss
                            lose失去(具體的物體),錯過 sth. is lost, lose the chance;miss 想念,錯過sth. is missing,
                            miss the chance
                            125. be tired of, be tired with/from
                            be tired of厭煩,be tired with/from因為而累了 be tired with/from running 800 meters
                            126. care about, care for
                            care about關心,計較,在乎,一般多用于否定句中;care for關心,照料,喜歡,愿意
                            He doesn"t care about his clothes. I don"t care for movies.
                            127. catch a cold, have a cold
                            catch a cold不能和表示一段時間的狀語連用,而have a cold可以
                            She has had a cold for a week.
                            128. change for, change into
                            change for調換成,change into變成 Change the shirt for a bigger one. Water changes into ice.
                            129. continue, last
                            二者均為持續,continue主動,被動均可,last只能用主動 The war continued/lasted five years. The story is to be continued.
                            130. feed, raise
                            feed喂養,養活,飼養 (to give food to), raise飼養,養育 (cause to grow, bring up children)
                            raise the family
                            131. go for a doctor, go to a doctor
                            go for a doctor去請醫生,go to a doctor去看病
                            132. notice, observe, catch sight of
                            notice注意到,observe觀察,仔細地看,catch sight of突然看到 observe the stars
                            133. insist on, stick to
                            insist on堅持要求,后常接doing, stick to堅持, 后常接sth. stick to the plan
                            134. look, seem, appear
                            look指從外表上看,seem指內心的判斷,appear指給人以表面的印象 appear wise,
                            look like his father
                            135. gather, collect
                            gather把分散的東西集中到一起, collect指精心地、有選擇地進行收集 collect stamps
                            136. mean to do, mean doing
                            mean to do打算,想要做某事,mean doing意思是,意味著
                            By this I mean giving the students more practice.
                            137. die from, die of
                            die from表示死于(槍)傷,虛弱,過度勞累,飲食過度等,die of表示死于疾病,饑餓,
                            寒冷,年老,憂愁,失戀等精神因素 die of hunger and cold
                            138. pay for, pay back, pay off
                            pay for為付錢,pay back還錢,但不一定還清,pay off還清 pay for the book, pay off the debt
                            139. divide, separate
                            divide把一個整體分成幾部分,separate把連在一起的個體分開
                            divide the apple, separate the houses
                            140. arrive, get, reach
                            arrive不及物動詞,后接in (大地點),at(小地點),get不及物動詞后接to,reach及物動詞
                            arrive in Beijing, get to Beijing, reach Beijing
                            141. grow, plant
                            grow使某種植物在某地生長著或使其發展下去,plant移植,移栽已經長成秧苗的植物
                            plant the trees, trees are growing
                            142. manage, try
                            manage to do設法做成了某事,try to do盡力去做某事但不一定成功
                            He tried to pass the exam, but he failed.
                            143. choose, select
                            choose憑個人的判斷力進行選擇,select有目的地仔細認真地選擇 choose the best answer
                            144. build, put up, set up, found
                            build一般用語,建成,put up臨時搭建,set up建成(內部的設施基本齊全),
                            found國家或組織的建成 put up a tent, set up a school
                            145. be familiar to, be familiar with
                            be familiar to某物對某人來說是熟悉的,be familiar with某人熟悉某物
                            The book is familiar to me. I"m familiar with the book.
                            146. agree with, agree to, agree on
                            agree with同意某人,agree to同意某事,agree on在上達成一致意見,主語是復數 agree with you, agree to the plan
                            147. throw to, throw at  
                            throw to扔到, throw at朝扔 He throw a stone at me.
                            148. receive, accept
                            receive收到某一東西,但不一定接受,accept接受 I received a gift, but I didn"t accept it.
                            149. wear, put on, dress
                            wear和dress表狀態,wear接衣服等,可用進行時,dress接人,be dressed in, put on表動作
                            It"s cold outside. Put on your warm clothes.
                            150. listen, hear  
                            listen強調動作,hear強調結果 I listened, but I heard nothing.
                            151. look, see, watch
                            look看的動作,see看的結果,watch強調所看物體的變化、移動和發展watch TV
                            152. lie, lay  
                            lie躺,位于(lay, lain),說謊(lied, lied),lay平放(laid, laid) lay the book
                            153. work as, act as
                            work as工作是,act as充當某種職務或身份,或扮演某種角色 He works as a teacher.
                            He acts as an interpreter.
                            154. move, remove
                            move動一動,但不一定移走,remove從一處移到另一處 remove the table to the kitchen
                            155. hurt, injure, wound
                            hurt感情上受傷,injure事故中受傷,wound戰爭中受傷 He was wounded in the war.
                            156. turn, get, grow
                            turn表突變,后常接表顏色的詞,get強調變的結果,grow強調過程,逐漸的變化
                            turn yellow, get tired, grow big
                            157. close, shut, turn off
                            close和shut當關解時可以通用,用于可開合的物體,turn off用于指有開關的物體
                            Close/Shut the door. Turn off the TV.
                            158. set out, set about, set off
                            指出發,著手解時,set out 后接 to do,set about 后接doing, set off 后接 for sp.
                            159. begin, start
                            begin側重時間的開始,反義詞為end,start側重由靜到動的轉折,反義詞為stop
                            Class begins at 7:30a.m.
                            160. happen, take place
                            happen偶然性的沒有預料到的事情的發生,take place必然性的發生
                            Great changes have taken place in my hometown.

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