學生階段

                          2010高考英語復習十個必會句型

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                          • 發布時間:2015-03-14 09:53:12
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                          1.as soon as一就= directly / immediately / instantly
                            = the second / the minute / the moment / the instant
                            Eg. He came around to see me as soon as / the moment/ immediately he checked in the hotel.
                            他剛一入住賓館就來看我.
                            They informed us the news immediately / directly they got it.
                            他們一得到消息就通知了我們.
                            The policeman came to the spot the moment / the instant / the minute she heard of the accident.一聽說事故,這位警察就到了現場.

                            2..before.
                           。1). 沒來得及就
                            The roof fell before he had time to dash into the room to save his baby.
                            他還沒有來得及沖進房間把孩子就出來,房頂就塌了.
                            He ran off before I could stop him.
                            To my great disappointment , my favorite singer left the concert before I could have a word with him.
                           。2).過了多久才怎么樣,動作進行到什么程度才怎樣
                            They walked about thirty miles to the west before they saw a village.
                            They worked day and night about three days before everything returned to normal.
                            Three years passed before I knew it.

                            3.It was 時間段 before.過了多久才.
                            It was not long before 不久就
                            It will ( not ) be 時間段 before 要過多久 ( 不久)..才..
                            Eg. It was not long before he sensed the danger of the position.
                            It was three years before he came back.
                            It will be half a year before you graduate from this school.

                            4. no sooner than= hardlywhen一就., 剛剛就
                            No sooner / hardly 過去完成時,than / when 一般過去時
                            如果no sooner, hardly 位于句首, 主句要倒裝.
                            He had hardly sat down to have a rest when the door bell rang and in came Allan.
                            No sooner had he got off the train than his daughter ran towards him.
                            Hardly had we arrived when she started crying to go home.

                            5. once 一旦., 表示時間和條件
                            Once you understand this rule, you will have no further difficulty.
                            Once you have decided to do something, you should do it well.
                            Once you enter the chemistry lab, you should follow the teachers instructions.

                            6. since 自從.以來
                            Since 引導的從句不論是延續性或非延續性動詞, 都表示的是動作或狀態的完成或結束.
                            注意一下句子翻譯:
                            Since he lived in Nanjing, I have not heard from him. (= since he left Nanjing)
                            自從他離開南京以來,我沒有收到過他的信.
                            Since she was in Yangzhou, she has kept in touch with her former friends. ( since she left Yangzhou)
                            她離開揚州以來,一直同過去的朋友保持著聯系.
                            對比:
                            1). I have never seen him since he was ill.
                            他病好后,我就再也沒有見到他.
                            2). I have never seen him since he fell ill.
                            他生病以后我就再也沒有見過他.
                            It is / ( has been ) 時間段 since 過去式
                            It is / has been two years since his father died.
                            = his father has been dead for two years. = his father died two years ago.
                            他的父親去世兩年了.
                            It has been 8 years since I graduated from university.
                            = I graduated from university 8 years ago.
                            It is 3 years since he smoked. 他三年不吸煙了.(即,從句動詞延續性的,譯成否定意義;從句動詞非延續性的,譯成肯定意義.)
                            It is 3 years since he left school.-----他畢業三年了.

                            7.until直到時候; notuntil直到才
                            You are to stay here until / till your mother comes back.
                            The meeting was put off until ten oclock.
                            Not until we watched the Earth Day program on TV did we know much about global warning.
                            = We did not know much about global warning until we watched the Earth Day program.
                            = It was not until we watched the Earth Day program on TV that we knew much about global warming.
                            Not until he failed in the exam did he realize that he had wasted much time playing computer games.

                            8. when引導并列分句, 當時,突然,強調另一動作的突然發生.
                            One day Chuck was on a flight across the Pacific Ocean when suddenly his plane crashed. Chuck survived the crash and landed on a deserted island.
                            I was walking along the river when I heard a drowning boy crying for help.
                            I was about to leave when it began to rain.
                            對比: A: I was walking along the street when I caught sight of a tailors shop.
                            B: I was walking along the streets. Just at that moment I caught sight of a tailors shop.

                            9. while = although盡管
                            While I admit that the problem is difficult, I dont think that it cant be solved.
                            While I admit his good points, I can see his shortcomings.
                            While I was angry with her, I didnt lose my temper.

                            10. where 地點狀語
                            You should put the book where it was.
                            Persistent people begin their success where others end in failure.
                            Where there is a will, there is a way.
                            Where men are greedy, there is never peace.
                            Go where you should, keep on studying.

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